Monika Gaba, Sarbjot Singh, Chander Mohan, Richa Dhingra , Monika Chauhan , Priyanka Rana and Neelima Dhingra* Pages 268 - 290 ( 23 )
Background: Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) derived local generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) plays a crucial role in the formation of gastric ulceration.
Objective: Therefore, anti-inflammatory analgesics with potent antioxidant activity could be a potential therapeutic strategy for the treatment of pain and inflammatory disorders without gastrointestinal (GI) side effects.
Methods: In an effort to develop gastroprotective analgesic and anti-inflammatory agents, a series of 2-methylamino-substituted-1H-benzo[d] imidazol-1-yl) (phenyl) methanone derivatives were synthesized and evaluated in vitro for cyclooxygenase (COX) inhibition as well as anti-oxidant potential by the FRAP assay. The compounds with significant in vitro COX-1/COX-2 inhibitory activity and antioxidant activity were further screened in vivo for their anti-inflammatory and analgesic activities. Moreover, the ulcerogenic potential of test compounds was also studied. To gain insight into the plausible mode of interaction of compounds within the active sites of COX-1 and COX-2, molecular docking simulations were performed.
Results: Among the various synthesized molecules, most of the compounds showed good cyclooxygenase inhibitory activity and efficient antioxidant activity in FRAP assay. After preliminary and indicative in vitro assays, three compounds exhibited most significant antiinflammatory and analgesic activity with better gastric tolerability during their in vivo evaluation. Ligand interaction studies indicated highest dock score -43.05 of 1,2- disubstituted benzimidazole derivatives in comparison to the reference ligand -30.70. Overall studies provided us (2-((4-methoxyphenylamino) methyl) -1h-benzo [d] imidazol- 1-yl) (phenyl) methanone as a lead with potent gastro-protective anti-inflammatory and analgesic activities that can be used for future research.
Conclusion: From the above results, it can be concluded that designing of multifunctional molecules with COX-1/COX-2 inhibitory and anti-oxidant activities could hold a great promise for further development of GI-safer NSAIDs.
Benzimidazole, cyclooxygenase, gastro protective, inflammation, oxidative stress, analgesics.
Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, ASBASJSM College of Pharmacy, Bela, Ropar, Punjab, Drug Discovery Research, Panacea Biotec Pvt. Ltd., Mohali, Punjab, Rayat-Bahra Institute of Pharmacy, Hoshiarpur, Punjab, Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, University Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Panjab University, Chandigarh-160014, Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, University Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Panjab University, Chandigarh-160014, Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, University Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Panjab University, Chandigarh-160014, Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, University Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Panjab University, Chandigarh-160014